Social And Personality Development In Childhood

Personality Theories

Personality development is the development of the organized pattern of behaviors and attitudes that makes a person distinctive. Thus, by knowing to what extent a systematized and intentional educative work can impel the development of children since very early age, we can grasp how important it is, in Early Childhood Education, since day nursery, for children to be cared for and educated by teachers ( Brasil, 2009a , 2009b ).

Social interaction with another child who is similar in age, skills, and knowledge provokes the development of many social skills that are valuable for the rest of life ( Bukowski, Buhrmester, & Underwood, 2011 ). In peer relationships, children learn how to initiate and maintain social interactions with other children.

When adults read stories on a daily basis, when they encourage the observation of social roles around, when they enrich children’s experiences with knowledge about the world and people, the possibility of playing make-believe become much broader and developmental.

Positive parenting in 8th grade predicted greater adolescent-reported personality traits in 10th grade and positive parenting in 10th grade predicted higher levels of parent-reported adolescent personality traits in 12th grade, after controlling for adolescent-reported personality in 10th grade.

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These growing capacities help young children to become competent in negotiating increasingly complex social interactions, to participate effectively in relationships and group activities, and to reap the benefits of social support crucial to healthy human development and functioning.

For example a healthy balance at crisis stage stage one (Trust v Mistrust) might be described as experiencing and growing through the crisis ‘Trust’ (of people, life and one’s future development) and also experiencing and growing a suitable capacity for ‘Mistrust’ where appropriate, so as not to be hopelessly unrealistic or gullible, nor to be mistrustful of everything.

Definition – Significance – disasters of non-communication – communication Gap – process of communication – forms of communication – listening skills – active and attentive listening – benefit of listening – Body Language – Right Posture – its importance – effects of right body language.

Instinct of self-perfection is the highest form of developmental instinct, arising at the level of organized multilevel disintegration on the basis of autonomous dynamisms such as third factor, subject-object, self-education, self-awareness, authentism and personality ideal.

Vigotski (1935/2010 ) helps us to think over a question that is essential to the comprehension of a child’s personality development: at every moment of life, and according to the possibilities already achieved in their development, children are able to comprehend facts and situations around them and to relate to them, emotionally and cognitively, in a completely new way.

More generally, personality is shaped by the goodness of fit between the child’s temperamental qualities and characteristics of the environment ( Chess & Thomas, 1999 ). For example, an adventurous child whose parents regularly take her on weekend hiking and fishing trips would be a good fit” to her lifestyle, supporting personality growth.

This is when this entered our language: people who are stuck at the oral stage, Freud called having an ‘ oral fixation ‘. The basic theory about the oral stage that Freud has is that if people are interrupted at this stage, they’ll actually do things like smoke and eat too much.

It comprises all of the personal and interpersonal life skills such as our thoughts, how to behavior and social attitudes that impact how we view ourselves and what we think about others and the world around us. Personality development is the enhancement of these life skills as these are essential to make the growth of happiness and success possible in one’s life.

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